Assembling and installing a new toilet
The starting point of this project is the toilet flange. This flange is new and clean. If there had previously been a toilet installed on the flange, there would be the remains of the old wax bowl ring, which must be scraped off. The wax bowl ring is an old-fashioned product that is still used, with only a few minor improvements. And then prefer the wax bowl rings with the plastic flange; they seem less prone to trouble. The bowl was turned upside down and the wax bowl ring pressed in place. The red pieces are strips of rubber shim stock, held in place with masking tape. These shims provide needed friction between the toilet and floor, to prevent the toilet from moving. The flange bolts were slipped into the notches in the flange. The plastic keeper was installed to hold the position.